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Bappa Rawal, a Hindu king, who inflicted a humiliating defeat on invading Arabs in 8th century AD

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Why would historians omit the unparalleled valour and courage of Bappa Rawal—who not only united Hindu kings to decimate the invaders of Arab, but chased their army into the deep desert beyond Ghazni, a city in present Afghanistan during 8th century—in history text books? The purpose is to demoralize the coming generations that Hindu kings couldn’t unite against foreign invaders and also, Hindu kings were not brave enough to defeat and subjugate Arabs.

Why would historians glorify Islamic invaders and even British rulers in history text books? Why has India many roads, cities and monuments named after Mughal dynasties to imprint them in people’s minds? The goal is to inject slavery into minds of coming generations.

Bappa Rawal was Mewar’s king, who had inflicted a resounding defeat on the invading Arabs in battle of Rajasthan on modern Sindh-Rajasthan border in 738 AD.

Upbeat after conquering Persia, popularly known as Arab conquest of Iran in 651, Arab Muslims started attacking India, within a century Islam was born, in 7th century, as scholars claim. First Muslim invader, Muhammad Bin Qasim had attacked Raja Dahir Sen, the last Hindu king of Sindh and parts of the Punjab in modern day Pakistan killing him at the battle of Alor on the banks of the river Indus in 712 AD. Thereafter, his kingdom was taken away and merged into Umayyad Caliphate.

Bappa Rawal was born as Kalbhoj in 713 AD. His father, Rawal Mahendra and all other male members were assassinated in a battle with the Bheels of Idar (a city in present Gujarat). He was brought up by his mother with the help of loyal Bheel attendants. It was Bheel tribe, who taught Bappa Rawal military warfare skills. In 734 AD, at the age of 21, Bappa Rawal defeated Man Mori, who ruled Chittor, and conquered the Chittor fort. He was eighth ruler of the Guhilot Rajput dynasty, but he didn’t continue the name of his dynasty of seven generations, when he came to the throne. Instead, he established Mewar kingdom, which lasted for 1250 years (728 AD-1950 AD), according to Ekalinga Purana.

Muhammad Bin Qasim had conquered Afghanistan and Iran. After the fall of Raja Dahir Sen, rule of Arabs was established in Sindh. Temples and civilizational heritages were destroyed. Muhammad Bin Qasim’s successor Junayd Al Rahman moved beyond Sindh towards eastern India with large army plundering several cities in southern Rajasthan and Gujrat. A series of wars, which were called “The Battle of Rajasthan,” were fought between regional rulers of North-Western India and invaders of Arabs in 738 AD.

It was Bappa Rawal, who unified smaller states of Ajmer and Jaisalmer by creating a confederacy of warriors. United Hindu kings under the leadership of Bappa Rawal of Mewar and Jaysima Varman of the Rashtrakuta Empire fought a series of battles on borders on modern Singh Rajasthan. Leading the confederacy Bappa Rawal decimated the invaders of Arab and chased their army into the deep desert beyond Ghazni, a city in present Afghanistan. Most of the Arabs were killed in the battles. To fortify the North West Frontier, Bappa Rawal built a city named Rawalpindi, which is still surviving in Pakistan today, and made it his military base. From military base in Rawalpindi Bappa Rawal had launched more than 15 attacks into Ghazni, Afghanistan expanding the kingdom of Mewar boundary up to Iran. The ferocity and bravery of Bappa Rawal was so astounding that Arabs didn’t dare to attack prosperous India for next 400 years. Bappa Rawal not only liberated Sindh from Arabs, but he ruled entire north western frontier on a vast geographical area deep into central Asia from Sindh, Baluchistan, Ghazni, Kandhar Khorasan, Turan and Iran administering from Mewar.

Bappa Rawal ruled his vast empire before he took to spiritual path in 753 AD to submit himself into the devotion of God Shiva. Great warriors like Rana Sanga, (Rana Sangram Singh), Maharana Pratap and Rana Uday Singh are all Bappa Rawal’s descendants.

What can be more unfortunate that unparalleled valour and courage of Bappa Rawal is not glorified in history text books. Historians have eulogized Afghan warriors, but why did they omit the fact that Hindu warriors like Bappa Rawal and king Lalitaditya defeated and subjugated Ghazni?

Bappa Rawal Panorama at Mathatha, a small village in Udaipur. Photo credit: udaipurblog.com

However, nation is waking up to glorify its real heroes. A huge 15 feet high statue of Bappa Rawal riding on a horse, made of gunmetal, was erected in Bappa Rawal Panorama in Mathatha near Udaipur. Constructed by Rajasthan Heritage Conservation and Promotion Authority, Government of Rajasthan, the Bappa Rawal Panorama was inaugurated in August 2018  by the then Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje.

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