Hinduism is the world’s oldest known religion, dating back over 10,000 years. Hinduism is the foreign term for “Sanatana Dharma,” which translates as “everlasting dharma.”
Modern Hindu dharma encompasses a wide range of sects and cultures from the Indian Subcontinent, mostly in India and Nepal. Hinduism is a mysterious and lively religion with no founder or fixed principles. There are numerous unknown truths regarding Hinduism that few people discuss.
As early as 700BCE, Ayurveda was taught to Chinese, Greek, Roman, and Persian students in major Ancient Indian Universities like Takshila and Nalanda. Yoga, Vastu, and Palmistry were derived from ancient Hindu writings.
Mathematics : The concept of Zero (as a number and as a marker),
Zero as a concept — a narrative set in India in the sixth and seventh century AD, under the reign of the mathematician Brahmagupta. Other mathematicians had used zero before Brahmagupta, but just as a symbol; they had no idea how to conduct arithmetic operations with it. Brahmagupta was the first to properly define zero (as what remains after subtracting a number from itself) and to investigate all of its features. The zero, or shunya, could now be fully incorporated into mathematics, completing the decimal place-value system. Negative numbers were also created by Brahmagupta. Rather than treat numbers simply as abstract concepts, however, Brahmagupta was also able to give negative numbers practical significance by calling them “debts” — something that must have instantly resonated with lenders and borrowers.
The Brahmasphutasiddhanta or The Opening of the Universe, Brahmagupta’s greatest treatise on mathematics, was written in 628 AD. According to al-Biruni, Caliph al-Mansur of Baghdad learned about Brahmagupta circa 770 AD through a visiting Indian scholar, Kanka, who took with him a copy of the Brahmasphutasiddhanta and would order an Arabic translation of his work. The Arabs eventually came to accept the notion of zero, which they named sifr. However, for the next 400 years, Europe was unaware of zero until the Moors conquered Spain and brought zero with them. Accountants and businesspeople all throughout Europe immediately embraced it, seeing it as a straightforward method to balance their accounts by having assets and liabilities equal to zero.
One reason provided was that it would be easy for cheats to inflate figures simply by adding a zero at the end. Merchants, however, were not ready to give up zero so easily and continued to use a secret symbol for it despite the ban. Zero, or sifr, thus became associated with secret codes — the origin of the modern term “cipher”.
There is perhaps no better evidence of the popularity of a number system than the development of a secret code in order to continue using it illegally. Brahmagupta could not have predicted how popular his number system, replete with zero and negative numbers, would become, just as Baudhayana could not have predicted how famous his conclusion would become. Unfortunately for them, Baudhayana’s finding is now solely known as the Pythagorean theorem, and few people recognize Brahmagupta as the creator of “Arabic numbers.” (Ironically, the Arab mathematician al-Khowarizmi, who made Arabic numerals famous, referred to them as “Hindu numerals.”)
Science – When the Vedas sang of the Big Bang theory :
The Big Bang Theory, which was proposed in 1927, is a scientific attempt to explain how our universe came into being. It is believed that the universe began as an infinitely tiny, hot, and dense something that swiftly expanded from the singularity with a great explosion or ‘Big Bang,’ from which galaxies, stars, and the rest of the cosmos were produced.
However, science in the Vedas has been explaining these topics for millennia. Hiranyagarbha is mentioned in the Rig Veda, which was written thousands of years ago, as well as the Brahmanda Visphotak, which discusses a similar philosophy.
The Vedic rishis were time-honored seer scientists. Before 3000 BCE, there were over 400 of them. They questioned and engaged with nature, recording their observations in the four Vedas, the most important of which is the Rig Veda. Thus, intuition, inquisitiveness, intelligence, and great regard for nature gave birth to science in the Vedas.
In his day, a prominent seer, Rishi Prajapathi Parameshti, appears to have posed a similar question: how did this cosmos and creation come to be? There are ten mandalas in the Rig Veda. The Nasadiya Sukta, a hymn in the 10th mandala, presents a thorough scientific account of our Creation.
Was He inside or outside the Creation? Was He also produced as part of the creation process? What gave birth to the Universe?
Some of the thought-provoking descriptions of the Creation process contain finely crafted stanzas. The science expressed in the Vedas was both profound and lyrical.
The hypothesis was developed millennia ago.
Hiranya means “golden” and Garbha means “womb” in the Nasadiya Sukta. This golden-hued cosmic womb is claimed to be an indescribable power and energy center that oscillates, like a form of breathing action that is always throbbing.
Rishi Hiranyastupa Angirasa depicts a conflict between two opposing forces inside the cosmic womb as a battle between indra, or “the divine mind,” and vritra, or “the clouds adhering together” in Rig Veda hymns 1.32 and 1.33.
Vritra- the resisting power that prevents the seeds of thought or Indra’s outwardly pushing force from spreading and acting.
Because space and time do not exist here, the Hiranyagarbha both pulsates and remains motionless.
The outwardly pushing force, indra, eventually overcomes the withholding force, vritra, causing the Hiranyagarbha to erupt. This is known as Brahmanda Vishphotak, or the Big Bang Theory in modern physics. A theory that the ancient Indian scholars had mentioned many centuries before the western world thought of it.