India and Turkey have had historical ties dating back to ancient times, when Indian traders visited the region that is now modern-day Turkey for business and cultural exchange. Over the centuries, the two countries have maintained diplomatic and commercial relations, with periods of conflict and cooperation.One notable example of cooperation between India and Turkey was during the Ottoman Empire, when the Mughal Emperor Akbar had a diplomatic relationship with Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The two empires engaged in trade and cultural exchange, with Indian goods such as textiles, spices, and gems being highly valued in the Ottoman Empire.
In the early 20th century to support the Ottoman Caliphate, non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi and formed an alliance with the All India Muslim League, prominent Indian Muslim leaders such as the Ali brothers, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and Hasrat Mohani.
Due to their shared Muslim majority and extensive cultural and geopolitical ties, Pakistan and Turkey created a strategic alliance in 1947. The two countries continue to maintain close military, strategic, commercial, and cultural ties. The Turkish government has always had a soft spot for Pakistan, with President Erdogan frequently supporting it over India on the Kashmir issue at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the United Nations. The ruling class has pledged to aid Pakistan militarily in its conflict with India.
India, which has a long history of helping nations hit by natural disasters, rushed its NDRF teams and relief supplies, including food and medicines, for the rescue and relief efforts in the earthquake-ravaged country. The recent seismic destruction in Turkey stunned the nation. The Turkish people, who had said goodbye to Indian and NDRF servicemen for their life-saving assistance, supported India’s efforts.
As anticipated, “Operation Dost” diplomacy did not stop Turkey from bringing up the Jammu & Kashmir issue at the UN. And going forward, India should continue to sponsor organisations that aid victims of natural disasters, but expecting Turkey to support them over Pakistan will be disappointing.
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